The second excavation at Ta Ssu K’ung Ts’un (Ta Ssu K’ung Village) took place in the winter of 1936, with an excavation area of only 1,100m2. The preliminary report was completed during the Sino-Japnese war period, more 60 years ago from now.
The second excavation at Ta Ssu K’ung Ts’un bore great significance to the study of the history of ancient Asia, as it helps us to explore the relationship between the Zhongyuan and the nomads living on the Northwest frontiers. In the 1930’s, Gao Quxun began a research on the ethnical and cultural interaction between the agricultural regions of Zhongyuan and the prairies in Northern China, after he accidentally found that artifacts from the heart of the Chinese culture bore nomad elements from the far west and the far north. His research was not only pioneering, but was also of the first-rate at then. Surely, nowadays we have done much more research on this topic here and abroad, but Gao was undoubtedly the one who led us in this expedition. His research also reminds modern Sinologists to think carefully about the definition of “China” and “Sinicization”.