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Research Fellows


Ling-Wei Kung

Assistant Research Fellow


Ph.D., History & East Asian Studies, Columbia University

Areas of Research

Late Imperial China and Eurasia, History of Technology and Science, Global History, Inner Asian Philology

Ling-Wei Kung is a historian of early modern/modern China and Inner Asia, with a focus on information, technology, and knowledge in international and comparative contexts. He received a B.A., summa cum laude in History from National Taiwan University (2012), and his M.A. (2015), M.Phil. (2018), and Ph.D. (2021) in History and East Asian Studies from Columbia University. His current book project, tentatively entitled “The Great Convergence: Information Circulation, International Trade, and Knowledge Transmission Between Early Modern China, Inner Asia, and Eurasia,” investigates the Eurasian integration of knowledge systems from Inner Asia, the middle ground between China, India, and Russia. Supplementing modern and classical Chinese sources with multilingual materials in Tibetan, Mongolian, Manchu, Japanese, Russian, and a range of European languages, his research goes beyond the limits of the metropole-periphery discourse by shedding light on the mobility, indigeneity, and transnationalism of Tibetan, Mongolian, and Uyghur societies in the making of the modern world. He is embarking on his second project entitled “Human Bodies and the Universe: Medicine, Environment, and Knowledge in Early Modern China and Eurasia.” Engaging in the scholarship of world history and comparative imperialism, this future project will explore how ideas of body, materiality, and religion from the Buddhist, Islamic, and Christian cultures interacted in the Mongol and Qing empires. He has published more than ten articles in academic journals, including Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, New History, and Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines.
He has held visiting fellowships at Kyoto University and Kyushu University. His research has been supported by the American Council of Learned Societies, the Social Science Research Council, the Library of Congress, the Japan Foundation, the Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association, Taiwan’s Ministry of Education, Taiwan’s Ministry of Science and Technology, the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, the Donald Keene Center for Japanese Studies, the Henry Luce Foundation, the Mellon Foundation, the Tang Prize Foundation, and the China Times Cultural Foundation. 

  1. "The Great Convergence: Information Circulation, International Trade, and Knowledge Transmission Between Early Modern China, Inner Asia, and Eurasia" (PhD diss., Columbia University, 2021.6).
  2. "Falling from the Throne: The Decline of the Tibetan Monasteries in Gansu and the Rise of Their Mongolian Successors in Kokonor, 1644-1795" (MA thesis, Columbia University, 2015.5).
Book Editor
  1. Ling-Wei Kung & Riga Shakya eds., Waxing Moon: Journal of Tibetan and Himalayan Studies (New York: Columbia University Libraries, 2021.2), ISSN: 2694-6149.
Peer-Reviewed Articles
  1. "The Imperial Lama Tsultrim Zangpo Rapjampa, the Qing Mapping of Tibet and Global Circulation of Geographic Knowledge," Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology Academia Sinica 92.3 (2021.9): 603-648. (In Chinese)
  2. "An Annotated Translation of Chahar Géshé's Oyirad's Royal Genealogy (O'i rod kyi rgyal rabs)," Oyirad Studies 6 (2020.12): 25-34. (In Chinese)
  3. "Tibetan Buddhist Material Culture in the Qing Court and the Religious Mentalities of the Qianlong Emperors," Journal of Tibetology 22 (2020.6): 328-341. (In Chinese)
  4. "Chen Yinke and Oriental Philology: A Reflection on the Future of Inner Asian History and Philology," New History 31.1 (2020.3): 53-102. (In Chinese)
  5. "Communication and Translation of Intelligence Documents Between Ladakh and the Qing Court," China Tibetology 2019.3: 114-124. (In Chinese)
  6. "Historical Effects of Tibetan Buddhism on Torghuts' Eastward Movement: A Study of Newfound Tibetan Manuscripts," China Tibetology 2019.1: 125-136. (In Chinese)
  7. "A Review of the Debates on the Well-field System in the Western Zhou Dynasty since the 20th Century," Shi-yuan 30 (2018.9): 63-81.
  8. "Eurasian Intelligence Networks Between Ladakh, Tibet, and the Qing Dynasty, 1724-1768: A Study on Qing China's First Recognition of Mughal India," The Qing History Journal 2018.2: 27-48. (In Chinese)
  9. "Transformation of Qing's Geopolitics: Power Transitions Between Tibetan Buddhist Monasteries in Amdo, 1644-1795," Revue d'Etudes Tibétaines 45 (2018.4): 110-144. (In English)
  10. "Between Statutes and Dharma: The Regulation and the Punishment of the Mongolian Monks in the Early Qing Period," Journal of History and Anthropology 15.2 (2017.10): 187-220. (In Chinese)
  11. "The Networks Between the Oyirad-un Yeke Küriy-e, Tibet, and the Qing Dynasty: A Study on Tibetan Documents Found in Xinjiang Recently," trans. by Nobuaki Murakami, Quaestiones Mongolorum Disputatae 13 (2017.7): 11-24. (In Japanese)
  12. (Co-authored with Oyunbilig), "The Origin and the Meanings of 'Five Colors and Four Vassals' in Mongolian Historiography," Ethno-National Studies 2016.2: 85-97. (In Chinese)
  13. "The Development of Tibetan Monasteries in Amdo and the Mongolian Factors during Ming-Qing Dynasties: A Study on Tibetan Monks in the Manchu-Mongolian Routine Memorials of the Lifanyuan," Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology Academia Sinica 86.4 (2015.12): 855-910. (In Chinese)
Book Chapters
  1. "The History of Buddhism Among the Zünghars." Brill's Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Volume Four: History (Brill, Forthcoming). (In English)
  2. 〈超越離散與殖民:明清時期內亞地區的外來移民〉,收入吳世旭主編,《醫巫閭講座實錄》(瀋陽:遼海出版社,2021),第1輯,頁257-286。
  3. "The Convergence of Śūraṅgama Mantra and Sitātapatrā Dhāraṇī in Da-Zang-Quan-Zhou: A Study on the Manchu Transliteration of Tibetan Mantra and its Influence on Philology in the Qing Dynasty," in Shen Weirong ed., Sino-Tibetan Buddhist Studies: Texts, People, Images, and History (Beijing: Chinese Tibetology Press, 2013), 640-650. (In Chinese)
  4. "Comparative Research on the Manchu Translations of Diamond Sūtra: Manchu Identity and Official Translation of Buddhist Texts in the Qing Dynasty," in Shen Weirong ed., History through Textual Criticism: Tibetan Buddhism in Central Eurasia and China Proper (Beijing: Chinese Tibetology Press, 2012), 455-496. (In Chinese)
Conference Papers
  1. 〈教法、國法與方法:滿文『法』辭彙與清帝國秩序規範〉,發表於中央研究院近代史研究所主辦,「滿文關鍵詞與關鍵概念:清帝國中的語詞形塑與文化再造」工作坊,2022年3月25日。
  2. "Mapping the Ganges: Buddhist Monks, Imperial Cartography, and Global Knowledge,"  presented at "2022 AHA virtual workshop of Knowledge Formation, State Building, and Transregional Integration: Modern China's Understandings of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Africa," American Historical Association (AHA), February 25, 2022.
  3. 〈蘇寧阿《萬里回疆圖》與十八世紀後期清朝的新疆地理知識〉,發表於中央研究院明清研究推動委員會主辦,「2021中央研究院明清研究國際學術研討會」,2021年12月15-17日。
  4. "The Fifth Dalai Lama’s Death and the Sino-Tibetan Economy in the Late Seventeenth Century," 發表於文化部、國史館及國立政治大學民族學系合辦,「歐陽無畏教授逝世三十周年紀念研討會」(CISCO WebEx 線上研討會),2021年10月9日。
  5. "Between Imperiality and Locality: Imperial Envoy Lama Tsultrim Zangpo Rapjampa and Geographical Knowledge of the Himalayas in Qing China and the World," presented at "the Workshop of Locality and Geographical Knowledge," Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Department III, July 1, 2020.
  6. "Lama, Spy, and Cartographer: Formation of Qing Intelligence System in Tibet and Globalization of Himalayan Geographic Knowledge," presented at "the Harvard-Yenching Workshop of Frontier and the (Un)Making of China," Chiang Mai University, January 24, 2020.
  7. "Manchu Studies and Internal Exchanges of Knowledge in Japan and Germany during the 18th Century," presented at "the Fourth International Conference of Japanese Studies in East Asia," National Taiwan University, November 2, 2019.
  8. "Cross-Lingual Networks between Ladakh, Tibet, and Qing China in the 18th Century," presented at "the ACLS-Chicago Workshop of Literary Culture across Eurasia: East Asian International Literary History," University of Chicago, October 19, 2019.
  9. "Eurasian Intelligence Networks between Ladakh, Tibet, and the Qing Court, 1724-1768: A Study on Qing China's First Recognition of Mughal India," presented at "the 15th IATS Seminar," Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, July 11, 2019.
  10. "Iuming Suez and Modern Sino-Tibetan Relationships," presented at "Symposium in Memory of Iuming Suez: Modernizing China through Diplomatic and Missionary Pursuits and Overseas Education," Columbia University, November 30, 2018.
  11. "Intelligence Competitions and Religious Propaganda between Imperial Japan and Republican China in Inner Mongolia, 1931-1945," presented at "the Third International Conference of Japanese Studies in East Asia," Kyoto University, October 28, 2018.
  12. 孔令偉,〈陳寅恪與內亞史研究——兼論語文學的未來展望〉,宣讀於「民族、族群與社群的研究反思」學術研討會,中央研究院歷史語言研究所,2018年9月7日。
  13. "Manchu Tripitakas and Cross-Cultural Interactions between Tibetan, Mongolian, and Manchu Buddhism," Center for Eurasian Cultural Studies (Haneda Memorial Hall), Kyoto University, July 30, 2018.
  14. "Translating Sovereignty: The Tibet Conventions between Britain and China, 1904-1906," presented at "China's Quest for Sovereignty: International Law in China in a Historical Perspective," Princeton University, May 29, 2018.
  15. "The Secret History of Tibet: The Mindstream Transference from the Fifth to the Sixth Dalai Lamas and its Manchu-Mongolian Translations in the Qing Archives," presented at "Beyond Empire and Borders: The Third International Conference on the Qing Dynasty and Inner Asia," Columbia University, October 6, 2017.
  16. "Translingual Networking between Ladakh the Qing Dynasty," presented at "Manchu in Global," University of Göttingen, September 21, 2017.
  17. "Networks between the Oyirad Küriye, Tibet, and the Qing Dynasty in the 18th Century," presented at "the 54th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Altaic Studies Society," Nakano, July 16, 2017.
  18. "Mapping Tibetan Monasteries: Geographic Information Science and Quantitative Methods in Tibetan Studies," presented at "Data Science Day," Columbia University, April 6, 2016.
  19. 〈蘇寧阿《萬里回疆圖》與十八世紀後期清朝的新疆地理知識〉,發表於中央研究院明清研究推動委員會及臺灣史研究所主辦,歷史語言研究所、近代史研究所及中國文哲研究所協辦,「2021中央研究院明清研究國際學術研討會」,臺北:中央研究院,2021年12月15-17日。
Book Reviews
  1. 〈何謂中國?從濮德培《中國西征》反思「中國」一詞的多元可能〉,收入濮德培(Peter Perdue)著,葉品岑、蔡偉傑、林文凱譯,《中國西征:大清帝國如何擊敗歷史上最後的遊牧帝國,掌控新疆、蒙古與西藏?》(臺北:衛城出版社,2021.1),頁11-14。
  2. 〈粟特人與絲綢之路——森安孝夫《絲綢之路與唐帝國》中譯本推薦序〉,收入森安孝夫著,石曉軍譯,《絲綢之路與唐帝國》(北京:理想國出版社,2019.11),頁6-14。
  3. 〈評寺田浩明《中國法制史》——從內亞視角談法律多元主義與跨文明比較法制史的展望〉,《中國古代法律文獻研究》12 (2018.12),頁668-681。
Other Writings
  1. 〈翻轉「核心」與「邊緣」——《絲路上的帝國》推薦序〉,收入Christopher Beckwith著、苑默文譯,《絲路上的帝國》(臺北:聯經出版公司,2022.5),頁5-8。
  2. 〈西藏為何重要?——從清朝對西藏、喜馬拉雅與印度的情報蒐集談起〉,《中研院訊》漫步科研專欄,2022.2.24。
  3. 〈蘇寧阿《萬里回疆圖》所見十八世紀清朝的新疆基礎建設〉 ,中央研究院歷史語言研究所「基礎建設與人群互動」讀書會,報告工作論文,2021年11月22日。
  4. 〈評《從馬可波羅到馬戛爾尼》——蒙元史與清史的三個跨越〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2020.9.16。
  5. 〈如何看待美國學者筆下的中國邊疆史〉,「觀察者網」,2019.11.28。
  6. 〈日本、日耳曼的滿語文研究與近世歐亞〉,《讀書》(北京:三聯書店,2019.5.15),頁160-170。
  7. 〈跳脫西歐與華夏中心史觀,中央歐亞史如何成為台灣的借鑒——《草原王權的誕生》〉,「故事」網站,2019.4.18。
  8. 〈清朝最初如何認識印度?從喜馬拉雅山南麓小國帶來的情報一探究知〉,「故事」網站,2019.3.25。
  9. 〈中原、內亞與域外:2017年明清史研究新趨之管見〉,「史原論壇」網站,2018.6.12。
  10. 〈拉達克與清朝歐亞情報網的建立〉,《讀書》(北京:三聯書店,2017.7.15),頁132-139。
  11. 〈通過內亞和海洋看清史研究〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2017.2.6。
  12. 〈「路」:始終活躍的海上人和草原人〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2016.12.25。
  13. 〈海外史學博士談清帝國——閉關的幻覺與流動的現實〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2016.12.25。
  14. 〈「蒙古大夫」的形象為何會一落千丈〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2016.9.10。
  15. 〈清朝的AB面:草原帝國還是中原王朝〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2016.7.25。
  16. 〈王岐山說的岡田英弘是誰?〉,「澎湃新聞.上海書評」網站,2015.5.18。

Ph.D., History & East Asian Studies, Columbia University (2021)
M.Phil., History & East Asian Studies, Columbia University (2018)
M.A., History & East Asian Studies, Columbia University (2015)
B.A., History, National Taiwan University (2012)

Current Position:
2021.8- , Assistant Research Fellow, Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica

Previous Positions:
Junior Visiting Scholar, Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, 2019
Visiting Researcher, Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University, 2019
Guest Research Associate, Oriental History, Kyoto University, 2018-2019

  1. 2022, Li Foundation Heritage Prize, 2022
  2. 2021, New History Outstanding Article Award
  3. 2020, Yu Chi-Chung Award for Chinese Studies, China Times Cultural Foundation
  4. 2020, Taiwanese Overseas Pioneers Grants, Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology
  5. 2020, Florence Tan Moeson Fellowship, Library of Congress
  6. 2020, Mellon Humanities International Travel Fellowship, GSAS, Columbia University
  7. 2019, Yu Ying-Shih Prize for Humanities Research (Ph.D. candidates writing doctoral theses), Tang Prize Foundation
  8. 2019, International Dissertation Research Fellowship, Social Science Research Council
  9. 2018-2019, Japanese Studies Fellowship, Japan Foundation
  10. 2018, Fellowship of Humanities & Social Science, Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association
  11. 2016, Predissertation-Summer Travel Grants, Henry Luce Foundation/American Council of Learned Societies Program in China Studies
  12. 2015-2019, The First Taiwan-Columbia Ph.D. Scholarship, Taiwan Ministry of Education
  13. 2015, M.A. Thesis Award, Mongolian & Tibetan Affairs Commission, Taiwan
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