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Books:Fu Ssu-nien Lectures

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To Maintain Parity: Song Diplomacy towards Liao and Jin


This book focuses on three main areas.  First, it investigates the period between the tenth and twelfth centuries, when the Song dynasty, amid competition among the Liao, Jin, and Xia, had to respond with rational and practical diplomacy, establishing relationships with the Liao and Jin on a relatively equal footing.  Second, in addition to briefly discussing the Song’s diplomatic administration and important diplomatic documents, it devotes attention to an analysis of documents used in regional-level negotiation and interaction between the two dynasties.  Third, the book discusses the significance of the Jin dynasty in Chinese history.

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